Since the second half of the 15th century Ushak became the most important center for the manufacture of Ottoman carpets in Anatolia.
Ushak carpets of the sixteenth century are large rugs characterized by an infinite design, with a main motif interspersed with a secondary one, repeated on a bright red background (rubia tinctorum). Depending on the main motif we can distinguish Ushak Medallion, 8-Pointed Stars (with related variants) and Quadrilobed Medallion carpets.
In the seventeenth century there was a move to a more commercial production, carried out in the surrounding villages, with smaller specimens representing a section of the large carpets, the typical motifs of the infinite design unchanged.
Towards the end of the 17th century, also following the political changes caused by the Austro-Turkish war with the defeat of the Ottomans in Vienna in 1683, the carpet trade between Europe and Turkey entered a phase of decline. Consequently, the ‘classic’ examples of the eighteenth century are very rare.
Towards the middle of the 19th century we witness a revival of the Ushak manufactories with decorative carpets of a different color scheme.
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